Short stories: structure and elements
I. What is a short story?
A short story generally involves a limited number of characters and scenes, deals with a short period of time, and uses only the details for understanding the story’s situation.
II. The structure of a short story
The structure of a short story is divided into three main parts: opening, climax and ending / twists.
The start of the story, which introduces the protagonist and the setting(s)
- Climax:The turning point or the most exciting part of the story
- Ending / Twists (sudden unexpected endings to stories):The end of the story, which may provide a resolution, or a twist to surprise readers
III. The elements of a short story
Like any type of stories, a short story contains the following elements: theme, setting, context and characters.
A short story may contain one or more than one themes, which express the main idea of the story, e.g. friendship, loyalty, family values, love, etc.
- Setting:It is the places or surroundings where the story takes place.
- Context:It is the events or the character’s actions that make up the story.
- Characters:The characters can be real people or fictional people, animals, etc.
To write your story you must consider the following:
Minimum 350 words (piece of cake!)
4 first conditional sentences (if/unless)
Clear main events as seen in the diagram: USE PARAGRAPHING for this
No sci-fi, no murder, no aliens, etc: BASED ON REAL LIFE SITUATION!!
Here is the Short story rubric