“El Huascar”: The floating museum
The following video about “El Huascar” was made by a student as a school project. Watch it and answer the TRUE or FALSE activity.
Floating museum on a historic Chilean ship: visiting the Huascar
Read the text and choose the Word that best fits each of the gaps
Captured – Drive – Floating – Navigation Walk – Hero – Speed – Artifacts
Ship-lovers, history buffs, fans of unusual museums and anyone in and around the southern city of Concepción should consider taking a couple hours to check out one of the oldest ___________ museums in the world, the historic Huascar warship.
An important piece of Chilean naval history, which changed the course of Chile’s relationship with Peru, the Huascar bobs some 20 meters offshore at the Talcahuano military base in Chile’s Bío Bío (VIII) region, just a 20-minute _________ from Concepción.
The ship was originally built in England, between 1864 and 1866, and flew Peru’s flag before being ________ by Chile in the Battle of Angamos in 1879. It played an important role in the War of the Pacific, where modern Chile’s northern borders were established, including the Battle of Iquique. It was also upon boarding the Huascar – from the Chilean ship La Esmerelda – that Chilean national _______ Arturo Prat was killed at age 31.
Driving onto the military base in Talcahuano, you park your car, walk to a ticket booth and pay for entry. From there, it’s a short _______ down a dock and a flight of stairs to a stable floating raft, which is pulled hand-over-hand by naval officers out to the Huascar, a short distance away on the water. Finally, step up onto the ship’s impeccably-maintained external staircase and into the ship where Latin American history was made.
Visiting a floating museum is nothing like visiting a land-based one. The _______ are all kept in their original locations, and as you walk up staircases, or down into the belly of the ship, you can feel the waves lapping against it and the creaking of century-old wood as the ship moves in the water.
The Huascar is 65 meters long, 11 meters wide and weighs 1,100 tons. It is estimated to have a maximum _______ of 12 knots, and housed 22 officers along with 180 crew members, who slept in hammocks in significantly less well-appointed barracks.
Visitors are given free rein on the ship to visit the various officer and crew quarters and see letters written to and from the sailors that served on it. Nautical fans will find it particularly interesting to check out the _________ equipment from the era, some of which is covered against inclement weather and the sea air, but which can be unveiled on request. Historians won’t want to miss the actual spot where Arturo Prat was martyred, and kids will love model crew members dressed in period costume below deck and at the ship’s helm.
Entry costs 1,000 Chilean pesos for adults, 500 for children aged 7-14, and 300 for senior citizens. You must provide ID at the time of purchase to be able to board the Huascar, as it is a military holding.
The museum is open Tuesday through Sunday, 9:30 – 12:00 and 14:00 – 17:30
What is the aim of this text?
a) To inform the reader about the historical background of this ship.
b) To attract tourists to visit the museum so they know more about characteristics and historical aspects of the ship.
c) To persuade the reader to have an opinion about the Pacific war.
d) To promote the museum as a tourist attraction for foreigners.