The Elements of Narrative
What is “Narrative”?
You might have bumped into this word tons of times when you read stories. Truth is, “Narrative” is basically the type of text that the stories you have read your whole life actually are!
A NARRATIVE is any story told in a particular order or sequence. There are narratives which ara FICTION, and others which are NON-FICTION. Within the FICTION category, which is an invention created by an author, one of the most famous types is “short stories”. Some of these are the children fairy tales we all grew up listening to, such as “Snow White and the Seven Dwarves”, “The Sleeping Beauty”, “Hansel and Gretel”, among others.
In order to understand how “Narrative” and “short stories” work, you need to know that it has five important elements. These are:
Watch and listen to the following song about the five elements of narrative. Then, match the elements with their corresponding definitions.
1. Conflict _____ a person, or sometimes even an animal, who takes part in the action of a short story or other literary work.
2. Theme _____ the time and place in which the story happens.
3. Character _____ a series of events and character actions that relate to the central conflict.
4. Plot _____ a struggle between two people or things in a short story.
5. Setting _____ the central idea or belief in a short story.
Adapted from <http://users.aber.ac.uk/jpm/ellsa/ellsa_elements.html>